ICSDC-2019 Proceedings Volume-I

© Copyright Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
The contents of each paper are the sole responsibility of its author(s); author were responsible to ensure that permissions were obtained as appropriate for the material presented in their articles, and the compiled with anti-plagiarism policy.

Reference to a conference paper:

To cite a paper published in these conference proceedings, please substitute the highlighted sections of the reference below with the details of the article you are referring to:

Author(s) Surname, Author(s) Initial(s), 2019. 'Title of paper'. In: Azeem Panhwar. ed., Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Development in Civil Engineering, December 05-07, 2019, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan: Paper ID: ICSDC_2019_paper_XX. Available from: .

ISBN Number: 978-969-7710-03-4
Published on: 20-02-2020

Table of Content

Editorial Board

Prof. Dr. Tauha Hussain Ali
Prof. Dr. Khan Muhammad Brohi
Prof. Dr. Aneel Kumar
Prof. Dr. Nafees Ahmed Memon
Prof. Dr. Ashfaque Ahmed Memon
Dr. Sheeraz Ahmed Memon
Dr. Muhammad Safar Korai
Engr. Maryam Arain
Engr. Anees Vighio
Engr. Rehan Hakro


Mehran University of Engineering and Technology (MUET) is an ISO-9001 certified institute that has been active in 20 domains of engineering constituting 31 departments, institutes, directorates offering courses in undergraduate and postgraduate studies since 1963. It is emerging as one of the leading universities of the country ranked by Higher Education Commission and Pakistan Engineering Council. The university has academic alliance with leading universities around the globe, and industrial collaboration with various establishments across the country.

In order to provide a platform to all the collaborators coming from academic organizations, policy makers, public and private institutes to discuss their technical and general issues, Mehran UET organizes conferences, workshops and seminars regularly. In this framework, Department of Civil Engineering and Institute of Environmental Engineering & Management hosted “2nd International Conference on Sustainable Development in Civil Engineering” (ICSDC-2019), which was held in Mehran UET, Jamshoro, Pakistan during December 05-07, 2019.

The Department of Civil Engineering is one of the oldest and largest department of the University, which has produced tens of thousands of engineers working diligently in various academia and industrial sectors. It aims to produce top-level engineers who maintain the integrity and glory of their profession.

The aim of ICSDC-2019 is to provide sustainable platform to present and discuss all the latest research and scientific results on various disciplines of Civil and Environmental Engineering, i.e. Structural Engineering, Geo-technical Engineering, Water and wastewater Treatment Technologies, Construction Management, Solid Waste Management, Green Energy Technology etc. This conference provided opportunities for the delegates to exchange new ideas and experiences to establish research and business relations and to find global partners for future collaboration.

ICSDC-2019 has been triumphant in attracted participants from public and private universities, organizations and industries of Pakistan as well as national and international keynote speakers from around the globe.


The organizing committee of the “2nd International Conference on Sustainable Development in Civil Engineering 2019 acknowledges the collaboration and support of the Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC), Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF), Bahria Town, Karachi, Omni Power (Pvt.) Ltd., M/S Palm, Builders and Developers, and other sponsors.

The active participation of the National and International keynote speakers, authors and participants is highly appreciable who made the event eminent.

Also acknowledge the efforts of following individuals which were involved in composing, editing and printing of this publication.

Mr. Azeem Panhwar (Conference Co-Secretary)
Engr. Kundan Kumar
Engr. Zaid Khan
Engr. Shahbaz Sangrasi
Mr. Akhund Shoaib

High gratitude for rigorous efforts of conference organizing committees

Keynote Speakers (International)

NameTitlePage No.
Prof. Sherif Mohamed
Griffith University, Australia
Building Flexibility in Procedures of Construction Site: Budging from Defensive Safety to Productive Safety2
Dr. Norwati Bt Jamaluddin
(Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia)
Sustainable Development in Structural Engineering By Adopting Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC) Along With Concrete Filled Tube (CFT)3
Dr. Pramod Thakur
(Senior Geotechnical Engineer, CARDNO)
Ground Improvement Works for Road Construction in Queensland Australia4
Prof. Dr. Kypros Pilakoutas
(Civil and Structural Engineering Department, University of Sheffield, UK)
Total Recycling of Tyre Components in Concrete5
Prof. Dr. Jahangir Mirza
(Research Institute of Hydro-Quebec (IREQ), Canada)
Alkali-activated geo-polymer mortars containing high volume ceramic tile waste powder and fly ash replacing GBFS6
Dr. Ali Gul Qureshi
(Kyoto University, Japan)
Vehicle Routing Problem in City Logistics7
Dr. Marla M. Redillas
De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines
Sustainable Development in Smart Urban Cities8
Dr. Maurizio Guadagini 
Civil and Structural Engineering Department, University of Sheffield, UK
Seismic Strengthening of Substandard Buildings with Composite Materials9
Dr. Saim Memon
London South Bank University, UK
Retrofitting the existing domestic housing stock with the energy-efficient smart window technologies10

Keynote Speakers (National)

NameTitlePage No.
Prof. Dr. Ehsanullah Kakar
BUET, Khuzdar, Pakistan
Assessment of Utilizing Marble Stone Dust and Wood Saw Dust as Partial Replacement for Cement and Sand in Concrete12
Prof. Dr. Bashir Alam
UET, Peshawar, Pakistan
Role Of Civil Engineering In Reshaping Societies And Economies13
Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ashraf Tanoli
GIK Institute, Topi, KPK, Pakistan
Sustainable Evolution of Concrete in Construction Industry14
Prof. Dr. Habib Ur Rehman,
UET, Lahore, Pakistan
Impact of Climate Change on flows of Rawal Dam15
Engr. Naseer Memon
GM, CSR, Engro Power Gen Ltd. Sindh, Pakistan
Paving the way towards sustainable world.16
Dr. Kiran Farhan
Al-Jazari Academy, Punjab, Pakistan
Waste Amount Survey and Physio-Chemical Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Generated in Gujranwala-Pakistan17
Prof. Dr. Abdul Jabbar Sangi
NED University, Karachi, Pakistan
Reinforced Concrete Structures Under Impact Loads and Effects on Overall Foundations18
Dr. Zainab Riaz
Suleman Dawood School of Business, Lahore, Pakistan
Transformation of Construction Industry through Digital Technology19
Dr. Salah Ud din
BUET, Khuzdar, Pakistan
Behaviour of Fibre Reinforced Cemented Sand at High Pressures20


Paper I.DPaper TitlePage No.
12Use of Sugarcane Bagasse Ash as Cement Replacement Materials in Concrete126
17Effect of Sugarcane Bagasse Ash as Fine Aggregates on the Flexural Strength of Concrete130
48Comparative Study of Reinforced Cement Concrete and Prestressed Concrete134
78Comparative Study of the Compressive Strength of concrete by Partially Replacing Coarse Aggregate with Coconut Shell Aggregate139
81Effect of Different Types of Sand and Their Mix Ratios on Compressive & Tensile Strength of Concrete143
82Effect of Crushed Over-burnt Brick on the Compressive Strength of Concrete by Partially Replacing Coarse Aggregate 158
105Mechanical Properties of Rubber Fibre Reinforced Concrete162
153Fresh and Hardened Properties of Self-Curing Concrete and Its Comparison with Conventional Concrete169
167Effect on Mechanical Properties of Concrete by Partial Replacement of Cement with Marble Powder and its Cost Effectiveness175
188Behaviour of Tensile Strength Energy to Control Concrete Spalling in Rigid Pavements by using Rice Straw Concrete181
190Evaluation of Properties of Concrete by Using Marble Dust as Partial Replacement of Sand185
191Evaluation of Ordinary Concrete Having Ceramic Waste Powder as Partial Replacement of Cement190
209Use of Polypropylene Fibers in Concrete Mixtures Produced With Crushed Stone Sand as Fine Aggregate194
216A review on replacement of steel with GFRP rebars in fiber reinforced concrete eccentric rectangular column198
268Use of Wheat Straw Ash as Cement Replacement Material in the concrete206


Paper I.D.Paper Title Page No.
5Magnetic Nanoparticles (MNPs) for chromium removal from Industrial Wastewater597
16Preparation of sustainable adsorbent to Treat organic pollution in water605
56Carbon nanotube membranes for water desalination and purification613
145Remote monitoring of water quality through IOT Protocols618
155Methane generation potential from wastewater using anaerobic rotating biological contractor (RBC)624
175Development of nylon 6 nanofiber membrane for removal of E. Coli bacteria from drinking water630
177Water quality analysis of private filter plants of latifabad hyderabad634
192Development of IOT based dual chamber microbial fuel cell for wastewater treatment and power generation638
237Photo degradation of diclofenac from water using Photo catalyst643
240Microbial fuel cell with carbon composite coated flexible electrode648
241Development of microbial desalination cell with modified Graphite paste electrode for the generation of Electricity and salt removal654
243Removal of pesticides from water through electrocoagulation unit using stainless steel and iron electrodes661
246Fabricating and evaluating the antibacterial susceptibility of Nano fibers sheets incorporated with ceftriaxone665
264Removal efficiency of heavy metals through modified jute Fiber adsorbent669
266Removal of naphthalene and anthracene from surface water of Hyderabad using graphene oxide677
267Selenium removal from water using bimetallic Nano adsorbent682
269Assessment Of Sugar Mills Effluents On LBod System Through GIS And HEC RUS Modelling687


ICSDC-2019 Proceedings Volume-II

Table of Content


Paper I.DPaper TitlePage No.
160Strategies to follow for making a Building Green128


Paper I.DPaper TitlePage No.
49Study of RCC Beams Damaged by Fire138


ICSDC-2017 Proceedings